The late 19th century saw the development of the contemporary boxer in Germany.
Boxers are said to be direct descendants of the larger, more powerful, and now extinct bullenbeisser ("bull biter") dog breed.
German for "badger dog" is "dachshund". Some 600 years ago, these low-to-the-ground canines were created to hunt and extricate badgers from their dens.
In the beginning of the 20th century, Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann created the Doberman Pinscher.
He was a German tax collector and was looking for a big, imposing dog to guard him while he went around collecting money.
The Great Dane, one of the biggest canine breeds, did not, contrary to what its name might imply, originate in Denmark.
Germans instead created the breed to hunt wild boars.
In order to create the ideal herding dog, the German shepherd breed was initially developed in the late 19th century.
The versatile breed became the go-to dog for police and military services as the necessity for herding dogs was diminished by new farming techniques.
The thick-coated, spitz-type dogs of the North are the ancestors of the Pomeranian. But, breeders want a more compact version of those large sled dogs.